Insomnia Specialist

Bay Area Healthcare

Kashif N. Abdullah, MD, MPH

Primary Care Physician located in San Jose, CA

According to the National Sleep Foundation, 30 percent of adults experience disrupted sleep and 10 percent suffer from daytime fatigue as a result. If insomnia is interfering with your normal activities, contact Dr. Kashif Abdullah at Bay Area Healthcare in San Jose, California. He offers drug-free cognitive-behavioral methods to improve your sleep habits. Call or make an appointment online today.

Insomnia Q & A

What is insomnia?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which you either have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. You may experience acute or short-term insomnia during times of stress or chronic insomnia, which lasts for a month or longer. Acute insomnia is often referred to as primary insomnia, while chronic insomnia is called secondary insomnia because it is often a side effect of another condition.

Characteristics of insomnia include:

  • Trouble falling asleep
  • Waking frequently throughout the night
  • Waking too early


Insomnia causes daytime fatigue, which leads to low energy levels, concentration issues, mood irregularities, and performance issues at work or school.


What causes insomnia?

Acute insomnia is often triggered by stress or emotional upset. Other factors like frequent travel or shift work that doesn’t allow a regular sleep schedule also contribute to disturbed sleep. Acute insomnia can also lead to habits like napping and excessive worry about getting enough sleep that leads to further trouble when trying to follow a regular sleep schedule.

Chronic or secondary insomnia is linked to other medical or neurological disorders like:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Pain like arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Hyperactive thyroid
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Menopause


How is insomnia treated?

Dr. Abdullah offers drug-free treatments including lifestyle modifications and cognitive behavioral therapy to help you reduce insomnia and sleep throughout the night.

For example, cognitive behavioral therapy teaches you to respond to anxiety and depression in different ways, calming your racing mind, which can help you sleep better. Sleep restriction therapy is another behavioral training method that helps you recalibrate your sleep patterns.

Dr. Abdullah also suggests keeping a sleep journal to record your sleep and also your daytime behaviors that can contribute to insomnia. When you start to understand how daytime behaviors contribute to your sleep, you can make adjustments to create healthier sleep habits. For example, you could:

  • Limit your use of caffeine, tobacco, and other stimulants
  • Avoid over-the-counter medications that can disrupt your sleep
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Start a bedtime routine to support better sleep, like limiting screen time
  • Make your bedroom sleep friendly by making the room dark and quiet with no distractions like phones, televisions, or computers


If insomnia is disrupting your life, call or book an appointment online today.